Autism Spectrum Disorder
In 2013, Autistic Disorder, Asperger’s Disorder and Pervasive Developmental Disorder, NOS (not otherwise specified) were rolled into one umbrella category: Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD).
ASD is characterized by developmental delays, communication problems, abnormal social skills, learning disabilities and behavioral problems—all ranging from mild to severe. While some symptoms are apparent during infancy, most children exhibit ASD symptoms between the ages of 1 and 2.
The frequency of being diagnosed with an ASD has increased over the past few decades. Recent statistics from the Centers for Disease Control estimate that ASD affects 1 in 68 children. Currently, 1 in 42 boys and 1 in 189 girls are diagnosed with it, making boys almost 5 times more likely than girls to have this disorder.
It is now known that ASD is not caused by just one thing. Rather, this broad condition can have many different causes. Similarly, there is not just one brain problem found in ASD, but actually 8-10 factors that can influence abnormal brain function.
The Importance of Brain SPECT Imaging in Autism Spectrum Disorder
During the past few decades, the Amen Clinics have seen more than 1,000 adults and children with ASD. The SPECT studies of these patients reveal that their brain patterns tend to have high activity or low activity (and both in some cases).
High Activity Patterns in ASD:
- Increased activity in the anterior cingulate gyrus (the “gear shifter”) and lateral (side) prefrontal cortex, relating to symptoms such as:
- Repetitious speech and behavior
- Getting stuck on thoughts
- Problems with transitions and change
- A “Ring of Fire” pattern—an overall increase of activity throughout the brain—which may be associated with inflammation and be related to:
- Mood instability
- Emotional “meltdowns”
Low Activity Patterns in ASD:
- A smaller, less active cerebellum, contributing to:
- Impeded or poor motor skills
- Problems with learning and thought coordination
- Decreased activity in the back portion of the brain, especially in the parietal and temporal lobes, contributing to:
- Communication difficulties
- Learning problems
- Sensory processing issues
- Problems with abstract thinking
- Overall decreased activity and “scalloping” (a bumpy looking surface), which is associated with environmental toxicity
- Sometimes, a head injury pattern is revealed
As you can see, brain activity patterns in ASD are quite varied, making it even more important to “look” at the brain with SPECT imaging. If we don’t look, how do we know exactly what we’re treating?
Why We Are Different And How We Can Help People With ASD
The Amen Clinics Method—developed through 26 years of clinical practice—uses a detailed clinical history, SPECT imaging to understand brain function, neuropsychological testing and laboratory studies to target treatment specifically to your brain using the least toxic, most effective means.
85% of patients treated with the Amen Clinics Method experience improved quality of life after just 6 months of treatment!
Jacqueline, mother of son with Autism Spectrum Disorder
Kathy, mother of son with Autism Spectrum Disorder